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Western Ghats of India

Panna National Park India

Western Ghats of India is declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in year 2012. It is a belt goes from Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Tamil Nadu to Kerala & Kanyakumari. Western Ghats or Sahyadri constitutes mountain range and Arabian sea facing coastal belt of approximately 1600 kms nestling some threatened species of birds, mammals and trees. It is one of the 8 best known hottest hotspots of biological diversity in world. It is collection of 39 places which includes wildlife sanctuaries, tiger reserves, biosphere reserves, National parks, Reserve forest areas. Here thousands of animals species found among which some are threatened and vulnerable category. In addition to it scenic beauty of these belt is unmatched in India. If we look at the available data here we can find 139 mammal species, 500 bird species and 179 amphibian species. Here at least 325 species are globally threatened. India's famous Konkarn railway project passes through this area through which one can get the amazing glimpses of this part of India.

How to reach -
Western Ghats is a long belt of mountain ranges, plateaus and coastal line. It begins from Gujarat, Maharashtra state and covers part of Karnataka, Goa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It reached southern most part of India i.e. Kanyakumari. It encompasses 39 preserved forest areas located in belt of Western Ghat whose list is given below:
S. NO.
PLACES
STATE
1
Kas Plateau
MAHARASHTRA
2
Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary
3
Chandoli National Park
4
Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary
5
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
KARNATAKA
6
Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
7
Talacauvery Wildlife Sanctuary
8
Padinalknad Reserved Forest
9
Kerti Reserved Forest
10
Kudremukh National Park
11
Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
12
Someshwara Reserved Forest
13
Agumbe Reserved Forest
14
Balahalli Reserved Forest
15
Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
KERALA
16
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
17
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
18
Kulathupuzha Range
19
Palode Range
20
Periyar Tiger Reserve
21
Eravikulam National Park
22
Ranni Forest Division
23
Konni Forest Division
24
Achankovil Forest Division
25
Mankulam Range
26
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
27
Mannavan Shola
28
Silent Valley National Park
29
New Amarambalam Reserved Forest
30
Kalikavu Range
31
Attapadi Reserve Forest
32
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
33
Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
TAMIL NADU
34
Srivilliputtur Wildlife Sanctuary
35
Tirunelveli (North) Forest Division
36
Grass Hills National Park
37
Karian Shola National Park
38
Karian Shola
39
Mukurthi National Park

Geography & Location &
Western ghats is a collection of hills, plateau, rivers, water-falls, lakes and coatal line which begins from south of Gujarat state and goes till Kanyakumari which is southern most point of India. It passes through states Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Length is about 1600 kms and width is about 100 kms so total area covered in about 16000 sq.kms. Mountain ranges that falls in this stretch are Satpura, Sahyandhris, Nilgiris and Annamalai Hills. Here Satpura and Sahyandhri hills covers area of Maharashtra state in which hill stations like Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Matheran, Lonavala, Khandala, Kudremukh and Kodagu falls. Nilgiri hills covers area of Kerala and Tamil Nadu states in which hill stations like Ooty and others. Annamalai hill is also falls in both states Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Whole Wester Ghats goes parallel to Arabian sea. This coastal line can be divided into two coasts. In north it is known as Konkarn Coast and in south it is Malabar Coast.

Accessability
As already specified above, Western ghats covers 39 different places falling in 6 states so in order to visit these places one can plan either from North to South or vice versa. It covers beautiful hill stations, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, tiger reserves and beaches which can be visited separately. Accessibility to Westerh ghats is good till we are visiting popular places but challanging if we are planning to visit interior places which are unexplored. Konkarn-railway is also a good medium to visit northern park of Western ghats.

Best time to visit
Western ghat is a 1600 kms long stretch from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu. Average rainfall in these ghats is 2500 mm which is mainly derived from Arabian sea. It is a good figure so during this time one should avoid to visit here. Northern part of these ghat which falls in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka states receives rainfall in June-July-August-September months when monsoon enters in to Northern & Central India where as souther region of ghats in Kerala & Tamil Nadu receives good rainfall when monsoon retreats back i.e. during October-November months. Time of January to June is good to explore Western Ghats.


Mammals
Available data says we can find 139 mammals species in Western Ghats of India. Among them many species are globally threatened and vulnerable.


Birds
Birds in Western Ghats India Their are about 500 bird species found in forest areas lies in Western Ghats of India.





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