Among the many historical monuments and archeological remains in Delhi, Qutub Minar complex is the most notable, both in antiquity and arresting design. Qutub complex is a given name to the group of monuments embracing the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque of Qutbuddin Aibak, and the lofty Qutub Minar. Qutub complex includes the Tomb of Iltutmish, Alai Darwaza, Alai Minar, the madarsa or religious school and many more.
Qutb-ud-din Aibak was a Turkish ruler of North-west India with control on Delhi. He was born somewhere in Afghanistan region and was of Turkish descent. In his childhood, he was captured and sold as a slave (ghulam) to Qazi of Nishapur in province of Khorasan, located in north-east Iran. Qazi was soft-hearted person, he treated him just like his own son. Here Qutbuddin attain initial education in all major subject along with war skills, horse riding etc. After death of Qazi, he was once again sold as a slave to General Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghauri, governer of Ghazni. Under the command of Shahabuddin, Qutubddin conquered Delhi in 1193 after victory in Battles of Tarain. He became Governer of North-India. He was most trusted general of Ghauri. After death of Ghauri in 1206, Qutbuddin became independent ruler.
Qutbuddin Aibak of Mumlak Dynasty laid the foundation of the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque and visualized the adjoining Minar as an aggrandising monument celebrating the victory of Islam. The Qutub Minar is constructed with red sandstone and marble. It is the tallest free-standing erected tower in world. It is also the tallest minaret in India with height of 72.5 meter having 379 stairs to reach the top. Its diameter is 14.32 meters and its top diameter is of 2.75 meters. It construction was commenced by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1199 AD but was completed by Iltutmish also known as Altamash in 1230 AD. The tower was made in Indo-Islamic architecture. In 1368 AD, minar was damaged due to lightining and later Firuz Shah Tuglaq get it repaired by current top two stories.
Qutub Minar is built on the ruins of Lal Kot (Red Citadel) city of Dhilika, capital of Tamars and Chauhans. They are the last Hindu rulers of Delhi. The complex where minar and other Islamic monuments are standing was originally a complex of 27 ancient Hindu & Jain temples. During attacks by Islamic powers, they distroyed such temples and worship places and their debris was used in construction of current Islamic monuments of this complex. If we look carefully each stone used in construction, we can easily identify the mark of Hindu & Jain temple stones. One engraving of the Qutub Minar reads, "Shri Vishwakarma paradise rachita" means conceived with the grace of Vishwakarma, a Hindu God.
The following is the list of the Great Indian Heritage Sites . Please click on the one you wish to visit for more details