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Khajuraho Temples

Introduction
Khajuraho temples are located in Chattarpur district of Madhya Pradesh State in India. It has important place in the tourism map of International World for its artistically Temples. It is a one out of three World Heritage Site in State of Madhya Pradesh. Imaginations of sculptures were realized in the form of these temples during the period of 950 A.D.-1050 A.D. under the ruling of Chandela Rajputs. In past the whole area was enclosed by a wall with 8 gates, each flanked by two golden palm trees. There were originally over 85 Hindu temples, of which only 22 now stand in a reasonable state of preservation. These temples are scattered over an area of about 8 square miles. Present temples are categorized in two groups: Western group & Eastern group of temples. They all are made up of Sand-stone which was carried out from Panna, about 45 km. away from site. Like many other cultural centers of North India, Khajuraho temples also underwent destruction and disfigurement during 1203 A.D. by Qutubbuddin Aibek. Later in 19th century remaining temples were re-discovered by British Engineer T.S. Burt in 1838. A common misconception of Khajuraho temples are that they mainly contain erotic art but in reality there is no erotic art inside in temple or near the deities except some external carving which is 10% or total carving.Here we can find complete images of Idols, extreme beauty of females, different kinds of postures of Erotics, potters, farmers, musicians etc. Khajuraho has direct air-connection with Delhi & Mumbai through some prominent airlines like Jet-Airways, Kingfisher, Indian Airlines(Indian). Some prominent hotels are: Hotel Taj Chandela, Jass Raddison, Hotel Ramada, Hotel Clark, Usha Bundela. Here Festivals of Dance is organized in the month of February and March for a weak. Generally Khajuraho temples can be viewed in 4-5hrs.
Sculpture
World Heritage Site – Khajuraho is known for its art and sculpture. Despite of being carved sand stones, Khajuraho sculptures have an element of proper finishing and softness. The Khajuraho Sculpture can be divided into five categories. First category comprises cult images executed with almost completely in the round and in strict conformity. Second category comprises parsva, parivara and avarana-devatas. They occur in the niches or are figured against the walls of the temples. The sculpted figures occurring in the niches are more formal and partake of iconographic qualities of the cult images. The other figures of gods and goddesses are less formal. The Third category consists of apsaras and sure-sundaris (graceful nymphs). These sculptures are account for the finest and most numerous at Khajuraho. They are executed either in the round or in high or medium relief on outer or inner walls, ceilings and pillars. Apsaras are shown in various dancing postures, sura-sundaris are portrayed expressing common human activities, moods and emotions like disrobing, yawning, scratching their backs, holding their breasts, fondling babies, removing thorn from feet etc. The forth category consists of secular sculptures comprising miscellaneous themes like domestic scenes, teachers and disciples, dancers and musicians and erotic couples or groups. They can be distinguished by an expression of intense absorption and rapture, which transcends from the physical to spiritual plane. The fifth category consists of sculptures of animals like rampant horned lion, parrot, boar elephant etc. Khajuraho sculpture reveals the sensuous charms of the human body. Artists of Khajuraho reveled in admiring the human body, displaying it from the most fascinating angles. If we discuss sculptures in frame of temples, sculptures of Lakshmana, Parsvanatha and Visvanatha temples has proportionate figures, displaying admirable poise and balance. Sculptures of Chitragupta and jagadambi are more artistic in Khajuraho. Sculpture of Kandariya Mahadev temple displays richest variety of apsara figures. Level of art declines in Javari and Chaturbhuja temples with conventionalized figures without much expression & life.

The following is the list of the Great Indian Heritage Sites . Please click on the one you wish to visit for more details

Worl Heritage Sites in India
Agra Agra Fort Agra Humayun's Tomb
Agra Ajanta - Ellora Agra Khajuraho Temples
Agra Sanchi Stupas Agra Mahabodi Temple Bodhgaya
Agra CST - Terminal Mumbai Agra Qutub Minar
Agra Fatehpur Sikhri Agra Red Fort Complex
Agra Hampi Monuments Agra Bhimbetika - Rock Paintings
Agra Mahabalipuram Agra Sun Temple - Konark
Agra Pattadakal Monuments Agra Mamallpuram - Group of Monuments
Agra Champaner Monuments Agra Churches & Convents of Goa
Agra Jantar - Mantar - Jaipur Agra Nanda Dev- & Valley of Flower
   





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