IntroductionFatehpur Sikri is a UNESCO World Heritage Site close to Agra city in Uttar Pradesh, India. It was originally known by the name of Fatehabad which means "City of Victory". It was constructed by Mughal emperor Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar in AD 1571. This medieval city was built in honor of Sufi Saint Shaikh Salim-ud-din Chisti, who lived in ridge at Sikri village, located close to Agra city on road between Mughal's imperial center at Agra and their spiritual center at Ajmer. During the time when Akbar had no child, he visited Sikri to get the blessings of Saint Salim Chisti. Saint foretold the birth of his son who was later named Prince Salim. After Akbar, he succeeded Mughal empire and was known by the name of emperor Jahangir. Fatehabad later named Fatehpur and now known as Fatehpur Sikri. It was the first planned city of Mughals. City served as Mughal empire's capital and power center from AD 1571 till AD 1585. It took 15 years to built Fatehpur Sikri but served only for 14 years. Due to sustained water problem, city was abandoned.
Exhibiting the vibrant features of 16th century Mughal architecture, the majestic monuments dot the slopes of the dominantly sandstone ridge overlooking the vast lake towards the north-west. Fatehabad was enclosed by 11kms long fortification wall having numerous gateways, accommodates the remains of the ancient township built for common people to the south of the ridge. Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best example of medieval urban planning, especially in its blending of religious, secular and defence architecture. The continuance of this tradition can be seen in Mughals buildings in Lahore, Agra & Delhi.
Among important attractions in Fatehpur Sikri are: Buland Darwaza, added later to commemorate the victory of Akbar over Gujarat. Other important buildings are tomb of Shaikh Salim Chishti, Naqqar Khana (Drum house), Khazana (treasury), Hakim's Quarter, Diwan-e-am, Diwan-e-khas, Jodh bai palace, Maryam's house, Birbal's house etc. Historians estimate that the total population of Fatehpur Sikri in AD 1580 was just short of a quarter of a million. In 1585, the English traveller Ralph Fitch visited the city at its apogee and wrote 'Agra and Fatepore are two very great cities, either of them much greater than London and very populous'.
How to reachFatehpur Sikri is 32kms south-west of Agra city. It is easily accessible by road from Agra city.
The following is the list of the Great Indian Heritage Sites . Please click on the one you wish to visit for more details