Varanasi (also known as Benares, Banaras, Kashi and Kasi) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the Ganges River in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The name "Varanasi" is derived from the twin tributaries of Ganga Varuna and Asi, on whose shores the city stands. The city has a unique culture, quite different from other places in the region, and is one of the major cultural centres of northern India. Just 12 km from Varanasi is sarnath, an important Buddhist sacred site.
How to Reach Varanasi :
Varanasi can be reached from all major cities and states in India by railways, roadways or by air. Being located in the North Indian Plains, the city is connected very well to the major cities of India such as Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. Varanasi Junction and the Kashi Junction are the two railway stations in the city. Varanasi also has excellent road-networks that make way for frequent bus services and other road transport services. Reaching Varanasi by air is also very easy as the city is accessible from almost every major city. There are state owned Indian-Airlines and several private air operators also.
Places to see in Varanasi -
The Ganga riverfront spreads over the arc line of 6.4 Km. where lies 84 ghats between the confluences of the Asi in the south and the Varuna in the north. In archetype connotation, each ghat represents one lakh of the organic species as described in Hindu mythologies. Further, 12 zodiacs x 7 layered of atmosphere comes to 84, thus annual cycle of cosmic journey is completed with taking sacred bath at the 84 ghats. At these sacred sights there exist 98 waterfront sacred spots.
Dasaswamedh Ghat - Dasaswamedh Ghat is one of the most important Ghats of Varanasi. According to legends ten horses were sacrificed by Lord
Kashi Vishwanath Temple ( Golden Temple )
Sri Sri Kashi Vishwanath Ji - Jyotirlinga The Kashi Vishwanath temple is located in the heart of the cultural capital of India, Varanasi. It stands on the western bank of India's holiest river. The main attraction of this temple is its architecture & it is considered to be the most popular religious site of Hindu Dharma.
Varanasi is one of the ancient cities of India. It is the oldest living cities in the world. It is widely famous for its religious significance, temples, culture, history, and Banaras ghats. Many of travellers come to Varanasi especially to visit the Banaras ghats at holy river Ganga to observe the ancient culture and tradition of India. There are about 81 ghats in Varanasi for different purposes. Some are bathing ghats and some are dedicated to deities. Some of important Banaras ghats are Assi, Tulsi, Daswamedh, Manikarnika, Panch Ganga, etc. A walk across the ghats leaves an everlasting experience on the visitors' mind.
Gautama Buddha came to Varanasi 2500 years ago, after gaining Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya. The sermon that he gave at the Deer Park on the outskirts of the city to his five followers, led to the foundation religion that has today spread across the world.
This first sermon was called Dharmachakrapravartana or Turning of the Wheel of Law. In it, the Buddha explained the way to end suffering and gain supreme enlightenment of nirvana. today this park is called Sarnath Though only 10 kms away from Varanasi. the two places are a study in contrasts After frenetic Varanasi. Sarnath envelops you in peace. In the time of the Buddha, the place was called Rishipattana or lssipattana after the rishis of sages who came to meditate under its shady trees Its other name was mrigadaya or deer sanctuary, because a king of varanasi had declared the land a sanctuary for deer. The modern name of sarnath is derived From the name of the Bodhisattva saranganatha. The Buddha founded the Sangha or the holy order with his first five disciples. For the next 45 years, the Lord walked the dusty plains of northern India, touching the lives of thousands with his teachings. But he did not forget Sarnath and kept coming back when Emperor Ashoka converted to Buddhism in the third century BC, his patronage led to many beautiful buildings and a famous monastery being constructed here.