‘Delhi’, the name brings the images of not just a city, it also spells splendour. It is where history is elegantly preserved by modernity. Delhi besides being the capital of India is also the third largest city in India. The city bears a rich cultural heritage. Delhi, the capital of India, now given the status of an Independent state, is the third largest city and industrial hub of north India. Surrounded by the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, this bustling city has a blend of the old and the new, the oriental and the western, the quiet and the congested. Spread over 1485 sq, kms, the city is home to the million of people from all over the country. Main languages spoken are Hindi, English, Punjabi and Urdu.
The city stands at the west bank of the Yamuna River at the narrowest point between the aravalli hills and the Himalayas. It has strategically commanded the mostly vital route from the north-West frontier to the agriculturally rich Ganga Plain.
Delhi's Main Attractions : :
Delhi a place worth exploring, Consisting of two parts – Old Delhi and New Delhi, it is the most happening city of India.
Old Delhi: The old Delhi was the capital of the Muslim India between the 17th and the 29th centuries and the legacy of forts, mosques and monuments testify to this. The old city is settled within the remains of a sturdy defensive wall and spread to the west of the famous red fort built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1648 A.D.
Jama Masjid: 1 km to the west of the red fort is the magnificent Jama Masjid, the largest mosque in India and the last great architectural work of Shah Jahan, intended to dwarf all mosques that had gone before it. Its steps lead down to crowded bazaars on all sides. Even the eastern front, with the ceremonial entrance gateway, is smothered in a hive of shops. With the fort, the mosque was not completed until 1644; the mosque was not completed until 1658.
Hawz : In the centre of the courtyard is an ablution tank placed as usual between the inner and outer courtyard to remind the worshipper that it is through the ritual of baptism that one first enters the community of believers. In front of the ablution tank stands a raised platform about 3m hight known as dikka.
India gate : the tour of delhi will usually starts with a visit at India gate.this war memorial is situated at the eastern end of rajpath.this 42m height, freestanding arch was designed by the English architect Edwin lutyen and built in1931. iy was origenlly called as all India war memorial., in memory of the 85,000 indian army soilders who died in world war I . under the arc is the, amar jawan jyoti, commemorating Indian armed forces ( the looses of the) in the indo-pak war of 1971. To the aorthwest of India gate are two impressive buildings,Hyderabad house and baroda house. Built as residences for the nizam of Hyderabad and the gaekwad of baroda,they are now used as offices.
Lakshmi narayan temple : situated to the west of connaught place,this modern temple was erected by the birla industrial house in 1938.It`s dedicated to laxhmi, the goddess of prosperity and good fortune. It is commonly known as birla mandir. The design is in the orissan style with tall curved towers capped by large.the temple is flanked by a dharamshala(rest house) and a Buddhist vihara. It is great place for kids of any age with man-made caves and creatures in large gardens.
Connaugh place (rajiv chowk) : at the northen end of new delhi,cannaught place is the business and tourist centre built in 1931 and named after king emperor george V`s uncle,the duke of connaugh,this complex is made up of three concrete circle of colonnaded arcades and is the heart of new delhi. A busy commercial hub, it is also a popular place to shop and has a number of reasonably priced restaurants,airlines offices and fast food outlets. It`s spacious but busy. The central park with foundation is a palce frequented by freelance articles.
Jantar mantar : only the short stroll down sansad marf from connaugh place, this strange collection of salmon-coloured structure is one of maharaja jai singh`s observatories. The mgal emperor Muhammad shah entrusted the renowned astronomer maharaja jai singh II of jaipur with the task of revising the calendar and correcting the astronomical rables. It was built in 1725 and is slightly smaller than the observatory at jaipur. A huge sundial known as the prince of dials dominates it. Other instruments plot the heavenly bodies and predict eclipses.
Rastrapati Bhavan : the official residence of the precident of iindia stands at the opposite end of rajpath from India gate designed by Edward lutyens, it combines wester and eastern style has alarge court in front and a mugal style garden at the back.the garden is open to the public recently a huge copper dome lends the Indian touch.
Humayun`s Tomb ; he most interesting and best preserved tomb in delhi,humanyu`s tomb I opened dai;y from sunrise to sunset.built in the mid-16th century by haji begum,senior wife of humayun, the second mugal emperor,this is an early exmple of mugal architectures. The elements in its design- a squat build, high arched entrence that let in light topped by a bulbous dome and surrounded by former gardens were to be refined over the years to the magnificences of tajmahal in agra.this earlier tomb is thus great interest for its relation to the later taj. Humayun`s wife is also buried in the red and white sandstone, black and yellow marble tomb.
Parliament House : north east of the viceroy`s house is the council house, now sansad bhavan. Baker designed this and lutyens suggested that it be circular. Inside is the library and legislative assembly- the lok sabha.just opposite the council house is the rakabganj gurudwara in pandit pan marg. This 20th century while marble shrine,which integrates the mugal and rajisthani style, marks the point where the headless body of the gur Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh guru, was cremated in1657.
Qutub minar complex : qutb minar was erected in 1192 by sultan mohammad ghori`s viceroy,qutbuddin aidak, to celebrate their victory over the rajputs at mehrauli in south delhi. The qutub minar is 73mt,high and consists of five storiestjis is just out side the central courtyard of the quwatul islam masjid,the earlist extant mosque in north India.with in the qutb complex is the 7mts. High iron pillar that draws tourism because of the popular belief that if you encircle the pillar with your arms, your wishes will come true.The iron high purity has not rusted even sfter 2000 years. The Sanskrit inscriptions on its suggested that it was initially erected outside a Vishnu temple,possibly in bihar and was raised in memory of chandrsgupta II (375-413)