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Burhanpur

Burhanpur Madhya Pradesh

Burhanpur is a town in state of Madhya Pradesh at Central India. It is situated on the north bank of Tapti river, at South-West of Madhya Pradesh State. In Skand-puran of Hindus, it is described with the name of “Brahatpur”. Its current name is derived from name of Sheikh of Daulatpur callled Bruhaduddin. It was founder in 1400 A.D. by muslim prince of Farukhi dynasty of Khandesh. They held it for next 200 years. King Ali Khan (1576-1596 A.D.), also known as Adil Shah, was asked to submit to Akbar, when the latter had sent an expedition to Khandesh, in the summer of 1577 A.D. The former, to avoid the unequal contest with the mighty Akbar, dropped his royal title of Shah and accepted the Suzerainty of Akbar. Mughals began using Khandesh as a base for the future Conquest of Deccan Bahadur Khan (1596-1600 A.D.) successor of King Ali Khan declared his independence & refused to pay homage to Akbar & his son Prince Daniyal, which enraged Akbar, who marched towards Burhanpur in 1599 and occupied the City without any opposition on 8th April 1600 A.D. Akbar paid a visit to Asirgarh, so as to inspect it personally, where he stayed for 4 days before returning to his Head Quarter at Burhanpur.

Burhanpur Prince Khurram was nominated as the Governor of the Deccan in 1617 AD. Khurram led the Mughal army to a peaceful victory by which Jahangir was pleased with his success & conferred him the title of Shah Jahan on 12th October, 1617 AD. After the death of Jahangir in 1627, Shah Jahan ascended the throne of Mughal empire.

Due to troubled conditions in the Deccan, he reached Burhanpur (Deccan) on the 1st March 1630, where he stayed for the following two years, conducting operations against Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, and Golkunda. On 7th June 1631, Shah Jahan lost his beloved & favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal at Burhanpur, and her body was buried at first in the Garden of Zainabad, across the river Tapti. Early in December of the same year (1631 AD), the remains of her body were sent to Agra. Fact of Mumtaz's death in Burhanpur at Central India is little known to common tourist who visits Taj Mahal.

Many battels were fought between Marathas and Mughals for supremacy over this strategically important part of land. In 1739 it was finally yielded to Marathas, who in 1778 transferred it ot Sindhia. In 1860 it was yielded to British government.

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