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Bhojpur - Unexcelled heritage of mankind

BhojpurBhojpur is a small town in Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh State in India. It is located at about 25 kms from south-east of Bhopal city and is of great historical and religious importance. Bhojpur got its name from legendary founder Parmara king called Raja Bhoj. Bhojpur is popular for 7.5 ft. high shiva-lingam in Bhojeshwar temple. Betwa river passes through Bhojpur.

A cyclopean dam was constructed by King Bhoj to make a large lake to full-fill the requirement of water for the region which was later destroyed by King Hoshang Shah of Malwa region. Bhojpur is also known for semi-finished Jain temple having 6 meter tall statue of lord Mahavir and two additional statues of Parshvanath. Most of the residents of the town are dependent on agriculture and tourism allied activities. Bhojpur Excursion Tour is important part of Bhopal sightseeing and tourism.

Bhojpur town got its name from Parmara King Bhoj. He was legendary king of Parmara dynasty. Parmara dynasty ruled Malwa region of Central India from 10th century to 12th century. Today's Dhar city close to Indore was also founded by Parmara dynasty. During that time Dhar was the capital of Malwa and became one of the prime intellectual centers of India. It is the King Bhoj who took initiative with Solanki king of Bhima of Gujarat, to rebuilt famous temple of Somnath between 1026 to 1042 after being ransacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in year 1024. King Bhoj was son of notable conqueror called King Sindhuraja. In be beginning of his carrier Bhoj suffered problem of brain tumour which results often severe heaches. Two Brahmin brothers from the school of Ujjain, who were eminent surgeons of the time, performed a successful crucial brain surgery on brain of Bhoj. Bhoj was a remarkable military commander and encylopaedic scholar. He wrote more than 11 books in his life. After ransacking of famous Somnath Temple of Gujarat, Bhoj organized his army to attack Mahmud Ghaznavi who retreated back via Sindh due to fear of his powerful army. Bhojeshwar temple is also known as Somnath Temple of East.

Bhojpur Shiv Temple (Bhojeshwar Temple)

BhojpurThe temple stands on the right bank of river Betwa, 26 kms on south-east of Bhopal city. This unique temple is incomplete due to some unkown reasons. It is ascribed to legendary King Bhojadeva of Parmara dynasty who ruled the region from 1010 A.D. to 1055 A.D. As per folklores, Kunti (mother of Pandav brothers) left Karan here on the bank of Betwa river. Architecture of this west facing lofty temple was unique. Temple was raised on a 106 ft long, 77 ft. wide and 17 ft. high platform. The incomplete roof of sanctum (Garbhgriha) is supported by four colossal pillars and twelve pilasters rising to a height of 40 ft. Square sanctum enshrines a polished Shiva-linga. Door-jambs are carved with figures of river goddesses Ganga and Yamuna on either sides.

One may surprised to know that the Shiva Linga with its Yoni Patta rising to a height of 22 ft is tallest and grandest in the world. The huge Yoni Patta is made of a single block of stone broke into two pieces when a large size stone of the ceiling fell donw on it. Nowhere else in the world the ancient building technology of lifting large size stone architectural members to the top of the structure is extant. It is still a unsolved mystery as how the builders of the temple raised stone as large as 35 x 5 x 5 ft and weighing about 70 tones to the temple top. At a distance of few yards from temple, one can find engraved stencil on the rock surface that reveals the detail line drawings of the temple such as plan, elevation, pillars and pilaster, sikhara and kalasa. All such things make Bhojpur Shiva Temple as an unsurpassed heritage of mankind.

Bhojpur Cyclopean Dam

Bhojpur]Their was a huge lake on west of Bhojpur whose remains can still be found at the site. Lake was made due to the dam constructed on the Betwa river. Dam was another example of great skill and engineering wonder. Dam was special as a natural wall of hills enclosed the whole area except two gaps of 100 yards & 500 yards in width. These gaps were closed by mammoth dams having face of sand stone. Many of such sand stones were 4 ft long 3 ft broad and 2.5 ft thick. All of them were set without using mortar. The smaller dam is 24 ft high and 100 ft. thick in base where as the largest one is 44 ft high and 300 ft thick from base. It results in to a water reservoir spread over 250 sq. miles of area. This lake was destroyed by Hoshand Shah of Malwa (1405-1434 AD). As per Gond legends, it took 3 months to the destroyers to cut through the dam and lake took 3 years to dried up and its bed was not habitable for next 30 years. It had made permanent change in climate of Malwa.
Location & Access
Bhojpur is located in south-east of Bhopal city at about 25 kms. It can be traveled by road using any vehicle. If anybody plans to do local sightseeing of Bhopal, he can visit Bhojpur Temple and Bhembetka rock shelters in one run as they are just 30 kms from Bhojpur.

By Air

Bhopal's Raja Bhoj Airport is the nearest airport to visit Bhojpur. From airport it is about 40 kms away. Bhopal Airport is well connectivity with all major cities of India so reaching Bhojpur via flight is easy.

By Train

Bhopal is the major nearest railway station for Bhojpur. Bhopal city have 2 railway stations: Habibganj & Bhopal Junction at which all important trains stops.

By Road

Bhojpur town is just 25 kms from Bhopal city with good road connectivity. Where to stay

Bhojpur is a small town with no good place to stay so it is advisable to stay at hotels in Bhopal city. As is a close to Bhopal, so one can visit the temple town in a single day excursion tour from Bhopal. There are number of luxury and budget category hotels in Bhopal to accommodate every budget category visitors.
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